AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe joys and headaches of holiday travel: John Phillips LOS ANGELES – The creators behind the Internet video mystery teen Lonelygirl15 have revealed themselves and want their fans to know they are not a front for a big Hollywood studio marketing some upcoming film. Instead, the three friends launched the adventures of the doe-eyed, 16-year-old homeschooled “Bree” as an experiment in storytelling that they intend to continue on their own Web site that was launched Tuesday. Bree’s inventors went public after fans of the two- to three-minute videos began questioning her existence and expressing disappointment that the seemingly genuine video diaries were a hoax. The creators identified themselves to The Associated Press as Miles Beckett, 28, of Woodland Hills; Mesh Flinders, 26, of Petaluma, and Greg Goodfried, 27, of Los Angeles. “We never wanted to lie to people,” Beckett said. “Our job from the beginning was not to trick people, it was to create a character that was believable,” Flinders said. The trio began posting individually scripted and filmed episodes online and began incorporating changes based on reactions and suggestions from fans. The result is part video game, where viewers exercise some measure of control over the characters, and part mystery novel, complete with hidden clues and cliffhanger chapters that left viewers wanting more. Flinders writes scripts for each “episode” and the actress playing Bree delivers her lines with a persuasive power that still has some online viewers believing she is genuine, even after “The Creators” posted their online confession several days ago. The three creators declined to identify the name of the actress Tuesday. But amateur Internet sleuths discovered she is Jessica Rose, a 19-year-old actress from New Zealand who recently moved to Los Angeles. Despite suspicions that the videos were slickly produced, the creators say they use the same tools and resources available to others who regularly post videos on the Web. The episodes are shot with a $130 Web camera and the lighting is provided by two desk lamps and a window. The sound comes from the Webcam’s internal microphone. “We’re fans of this medium,” Goodfried said. “It represents a shift from the content being in control of the big corporations to power being in the hands of the little guy who has a Webcam.” “We are the little guys,” Beckett said. The revelation that Bree was fake initially angered fans on YouTube, who suspected Lonelygirl15 was a slick Hollywood attempt to advertise some upcoming movie or TV show. But since the creators revealed the fictitious nature of the show last week, the number of people subscribing to the Lonelygirl15 channel on YouTube has skyrocketed. “Just because I know a movie isn’t real isn’t going to stop me from watching it,” Alexandra Inman, a 17-year-old fan from St. Louis, said Tuesday. “I’m there for the entertainment.” Bree’s adventures will continue on a new Web site created in conjunction with the online syndication network Revver. The company helps video-makers profit from their efforts by attaching ads to each video, then burying a “tag” in the computer code that tracks where the video is posted. Revver then shares the ad revenue with the authors. “The fact that creators are getting paid to make more stuff is a good thing,” said Revver co-founder Steven Starr, a former Hollywood agent. As far as what happens to Bree next or just how long “Season One” will last, the creators themselves are unsure. The three are represented by Hollywood talent agency Creative Artists Agency, but say they have no immediate plans to make a Lonelygirl15 movie or TV show. “We’re moving forward and we want to keep doing what we’ve been doing,” Beckett said. — On the Net: http://www.lonelygirl15.com160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Beckett, a self-confessed Internet geek, said he came up with the idea of using short videos as a storytelling technique while a surgical resident. Earlier this year, he met Flinders, a fledgling filmmaker, at a party. “I saw YouTube coming about and podcasting and wanted to be a part of it,” Beckett said. Flinders said he had been developing the character of a teenage girl who was more at home relating to adults than with her peers. The character never quite fit into any of his screenplays, but seemed a perfect fit for Beckett’s idea of telling stories using video blogging. The two joined with Goodfried, an attorney, recruited the actors to play Bree and her dorky boyfriend, Daniel, and began writing the broad outlines of an open-ended plot filled with the kind of mysteries and clues TV watchers know from the hit ABC show “Lost.” The short videos began appearing on the Web sites YouTube and MySpace in June. The creators said Tuesday that they never intended to stage a hoax or trick people into believing their characters were real.
I moved into my first formal leadership role in my late 20s. I was a top sales performer, and I saw my promotion to sales management as the natural next step in my career. I was energized, armed with big ideas, and ready to change everything — immediately! Welcome to leadership. You’re now a manager, with direct reports. Congratulations! Leadership isn’t a job; it’s a responsibility. You have the opportunity to help people grow, succeed and fulfill their potential. You have the opportunity to make a difference. That is work that really matters. Welcome. You already know what’s coming next. One of the best ways to grow as a leader is to find a mentor. Look for someone who’s doing the kind of work you see yourself doing someday, and study their example. 8 Ways to Avoid Rookie Management MistakesDon’t try to implement major change on your first day. You’re probably full of big ideas, but it’s important to take a step back, observe, and understand. Conduct as much discovery and due diligence as possible (even prior to day one). Spend time getting up to speed on everything you need to know about your employees and their day-to-day work. Sit in on meetings. Conduct one-on-one’s. Talk to customers. Ask great questions. Learn.Get off on the right foot with your direct reports. You don’t get a second chance. People want a confident, capable leader, but they also want to work for someone who’s accessible and open. Spend the time required to demonstrate you are interested in helping people be successful. Talk about what people can expect from you first.To develop strong relationships, be authentic. When you’re getting to know people, be yourself. This sounds easy, but new managers often fall into the trap of acting like a manager. People see through the act. Be genuine and people will respect and begin to respond to you.Learn what motivates your employees. Find out what matters to people. Understand how other people define success. I believe that everyone wants to contribute and succeed. It’s up to managers to understand the barriers and start breaking them down.Listen. Ask employees for their perspective and input. If your decisions involve people, then involve them. What do they think needs to change? What’s going well, and what’s not working? It’s amazing what you can learn when you stop talking and start listening.Acknowledge what’s working. Start with the positive, and give praise and recognition where it’s due. No one wants a new manager who has a laundry list of things to improve without any appreciation for what is working well and who is making good things happen.Focus on collaborative change. Change is hard. Invite participation in building the game plan and you’ll get more buy-in when it’s time to implement new initiatives.Walk the walk. People will listen to what you say, but they really watch what you do. Be the change you expect in others. Leading by example is particularly important as a new manger working to establish credibility and earn trust. Have a vision and set the pace required to move the team in the right direction. Don’t rely on your organization for 100% of your development. The world is changing quickly, and it’s incumbent on us to own our skill development. Great leaders understand the learning never stops. The good news is, you have access to unlimited books, blogs, TED talks — you name it — that can help you accelerate your growth. My own personal rule: for every 50 hours of work, I want to spend 5 hours improving myself. My experience isn’t unique. A lot of new managers make the same mistakes. You can do better. Here’s how: The abrupt change shocked people and was met with a lot of resistance. I was confused by the conflict I felt with my team. Why wasn’t everyone ready to commit with the same intensity to the work required to hit our big, bold, record-breaking sales goals?
It is highly unlikely that the thrashing which India received in England a few months back would be atoned for any time soon. Not only did India lose their No.1 Test status in the most embarrassing manner possible – a 0-4 whitewash – they were battered beyond recognition; losing a few players to injuries in the process.As India get ready for the first of the three-Test series against the West Indies, starting here at the Ferozeshah Kotla on Sunday, the focus seems to be more on the larger picture than the immediate target. After the chinks in India’s armour were laid bare over two months of English summer, it is time to mend them one by one and the Test series against West Indies gives Mahendra Singh Dhoni’s team a chance to start the recovery process.The first Test sees the return from injury of Virender Sehwag (shoulder), Yuvraj Singh (finger), Ishant Sharma (ankle) and Sachin Tendulkar (toe). After a long time, India would be fielding what looks like a fully-fit side, with only bowlers Zaheer Khan and Munaf Patel being the ones missing out due to lack of fitness.And given that the opponents are the West Indies, every conversation regarding the match is invariably veering towards Tendulkar’s long-awaited 100th century at the international level. The 38-year-old failed to reach the mark during the four Tests in England, but there now seemsto be an air of inevitability around the feat. However, this being Test cricket, nothing can be taken for granted and West Indies captain Darren Sammy has assured he will do everything in his capacity to stop the Mumbai batsman from reaching the three-figure mark.advertisementThough the talking points of the Test are a strong Indian batting and a weak West Indies squad, the new-look Indian attack gives a chance to see if there are bowlers who can take 20 wickets. Paceman Ishant Sharma and left-arm spinner Pragyan Ojha are the only bowlers who have played a Test.Fast bowlers Umesh Yadav, Varun Aaron and spinners R Ashwin and Rahul Sharma are awaiting their Test caps. Among these, Dhoni would hope to find a combinationthat would not only take wickets this series, but also give options to the team management when the Australian tour arrives at the end of the year. In all likelihood, Ashwin should make the cut given that he has outdone Harbhajan Singh, not included in the squad, for most of the season.The batting looks rock solid. Sehwag and Gautam Gambhir will renew their partnership at the top of the order, with Rahul Dravid, Tendulkar and VVS Laxman forming the backbone of the team. The next spot could be a toss-up between Virat Kohli and Yuvraj Singh, with skipper Dhoni and four bowlers to follow.It will be interesting to see if Dhoni decided to go with two pacers and two spinners or three fast bowlers and a spinner, with Yuvraj as a possible fifth bowler.For the West Indies, it will be about working on the gains they made during the home series this year, where they ran the Indians close and only lost 0-1. And in Jamaica, India were 85 for six on the first day, forced to fight tooth and nail to win.The Caribbean side will be banking on their bowling attack, comprising fast bowlers Kemar Roach, Fidel Edwards, Ravi Rampaul and leg-spinner Devendra Bishoo, to put a leash on the Indian line-up and then hope their batting makes the most of the untested bowling.The pitch at the Ferozeshah Kotla is expected to be a typical sub-continental one, with spinners likely to come into play by Day Three. However, given that the Capital has been experiencing a fair amount of smog and cloud cover for the past few days, there could be a few stoppages in play due to bad light.
State Rep. Andrea Schroeder of Independence Township hosted a roundtable discussion on Thursday to discuss how best to educate people about a new Waterford Township ordinance regarding vaping.“We invited all the community stakeholders to create a common message about the new township ordinance and the dangers of vaping for kids,” Rep. Schroeder said. “It’s important to get the message out to businesses, parents, and our children. Everyone has a role and embraces this collaborative effort, which will include additional community members as plans evolve. ”During the in-depth conversation, Rep. Schroeder met with Waterford Township Supervisor Gary Wall, local vape shop owner Jamie Webb, Waterford Board of Education Member Joan Sutherland, parent advocate Lisa Kane, Waterford Township Police Chief Scott Underwood and Waterford Township Trustee Karen Joliat.“Vaping” is when a battery-operated heating device (such as an electronic cigarette) vaporizes liquid inside a cartridge to deliver nicotine and flavoring to the operator without burning tobacco.Waterford Township joins a growing list of local governments enacting measures to regulate vaping among young adults. State legislators are also researching the issue and working with local leaders as the Legislature considers any potential state action.Those with questions on the regulation of vaping may contact Rep. Schroeder at (517) 373-0615 or via email at AndreaSchroeder@house.mi.gov.State Rep. Andrea Schroeder of Independence Township hosted a roundtable discussion on Thursday to discuss how best to educate people about a new Waterford Township ordinance regarding vaping.FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: Gary Wall, Jamie Webb, Joan Sutherland, Lisa Kane, Scott Underwood, and Karen Joliat. Categories: Schroeder News,Schroeder Photos 15Apr Rep. Schroeder holds vaping roundtable discussion with local officials and parents
Vivendi has agreed to sell French telco SFR to Altice/Numericable, which has fended off competition from rival bidder Bouygues to clinch a deal worth “in excess of €17 billion”.Confirming the agreement, Vivendi said that the Altice/Numericable offer delivered the highest value for SFR’s customers, employees and shareholders.Vivendi will receive €13.5 billion at the closing of the transaction, a potential earn-out of €750 million and has the possibility to sell its 20% stake at a later stage – representing a total value that it said is greater than €17 billion.“This balance between cash upfront and future upside from industrial value creation fits with Vivendi’s philosophy, an industrial and financial group concerned about creating long term value in the interest of shareholders, employees and consumers,” Vivendi said in a statement.Among the factors that contributed to the decision, Vivendi said that Altice/Numericable’s focus on fixed and mobile convergence would produce strong synergies from the merged networks and generate new growth opportunities.It also said that the plan presented by Altice/Numericable guarantees “development of sustainable employment” and that the Altice/Numericable offer presented “the lowest competition risks.”“Vivendi selected the most balanced offer between cash upfront and stock participation allowing the group to benefit from the highest total valuation. While pursuing its announced strategy to focus on media, Vivendi wants to support SFR, its 27 year-long subsidiary, by strengthening its industrial and social structure,” said Vivendi.The news comes a week after Bouygues extended its improved offer to acquire SFR until April 25. Its bid included a €13.15 billion upfront payment, and offered an indemnity payment of €500 million in the event that France’s competition regulator blocked a deal between the pair.
French broadcasters and organisations representing rightsholders have banded together to condemn what they describe as Google and YouTube’s “massive and unprecedented campaign of disinformation” against the EU’s revised copyright directive, currently at the stage of ‘trilogue’ discussions between the European Council, Parliament and the Commission.YouTube’s controversial ‘save your internet’ campaignIn an open letter that thanked French culture minister Franck Riester for having assured them of the support of the French government to see the directive through, some 37 organisations including all the country’s main broadcasters – France Télévisions, TF1, M6 and pay TV outfit Canal+ – condemned the campaign to mobilise opposition to the directive, which they said was motivated solely by self-interest.The letter said that Google and YouTube’s campaign was “based on the manipulation of users, influencers and the young” and was “unacceptable”.The group said that Google and YouTube had “once again crossed a red line in abusing their dominant position”.The group, which also included numerous copyright collecting societies, said that the directive was “essential to re-equilibrate a sharing of value that is currently unequal between the [web] platforms and the culture and media industries” and warned against any weakening of the proposed rules.“Otherwise, Europe would be admitting its powerlessness and its submission to the GAFAs,” they said, referring to the acronym commonly used in France to refer to Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple.The French groups’ condemnation of YouTube follows a series of interventions by Google’s video-sharing unit to attempt to block the implementation of Article 13 of the EU’s proposed copyright legislation, most recently by encouraging its content creators to speak out against rules that it claims would “block the vast majority of uploads from Europe”.The call to action from creators marked an escalation of YouTube’s campaign following an article by CEO Susan Wojcicki alleging that the “creator economy is under threat” and a letter to creators arguing that the directive “poses a threat to both your livelihood and your ability to share your voice with the world”.The copyright directive, which was approved by European Parliament in September, will see web companies such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube forced to pay for the work of artists and journalists that appear on their sites, and use filtering systems to block copyrighted content appearing without authorisation.
Source:https://www.cedars-sinai.org/newsroom/key-takeaways-from-three-landmark-heart-studies/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Nov 13 2018Today, at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, the research group led by Sumeet Chugh, MD, professor of Medicine and associate director of the Smidt Heart Institute, presented three critical research studies aimed at better understanding sudden cardiac arrest.”These research studies provide clues into some of the toughest questions in cardiac care,” said Chugh, the Pauline and Harold Price Chair in Cardiac Electrophysiology Research. “These findings help us move closer to understanding who is at highest risk of sudden cardiac arrest.”The three studies presented today all establish connections between sudden cardiac arrest and specific health conditions:An Association Between Multiple Sclerosis and Sudden Cardiac Death–Investigators found patients with multiple sclerosis have a five-fold higher incidence of sudden cardiac arrest over the general U.S. population. This observational study evaluated clinical characteristics of individuals who suffered cardiac arrest in the community. While the reasons for this finding need to be investigated, the brain has established links with heart function and could be influencing electrical function of the heart.Enhancement of Sudden Death Risk Prediction in Patients With Left Ventricular Hypertrophy–Patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) also have a higher risk of sudden cardiac arrest, but until now, researchers have been unable to identify which patients are at highest risk. Using a novel electrocardiography risk score, Chugh and his research team can better identify patients with intermediate or high-risk LVH. They plan to test their findings in a larger group of patients.Related StoriesTeam approach to care increases likelihood of surviving refractory cardiogenic shockSmoking triples the risk of death from cardiovascular diseaseWeightlifting is better for the heart than cardioDoes Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Explain the Increased Sudden Death Risk in Obesity? –Obesity is a known risk factor of sudden cardiac arrest, as is LVH. This research study aimed to find if a correlation exists between obesity and LVH, or if they are independent of one another. Chugh’s research suggests that both are independent predictors of sudden cardiac arrest and each have their own deadly properties. Next steps are to understand if being both obese and having LVH doubles the risk of sudden cardiac arrest.All of the above data comes from the Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study, a comprehensive, 16-hospital, multiyear assessment of cardiac deaths in the 1 million population of the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area. Led by Chugh, the project–now ongoing for more than 15 years–provides researchers with unique, community-based information to help determine the causes of sudden cardiac arrest.Although “sudden cardiac arrest” and “heart attack” often are used interchangeably, the terms are not synonymous. Unlike heart attacks (myocardial infarctions), which are typically caused by clogged coronary arteries reducing blood flow to the heart muscle, sudden cardiac arrest is the result of defective electrical activity of the heart. Patients may have little or no warning, and the disorder usually causes instantaneous death. Sudden cardiac arrest accounts for approximately 300,000 deaths each year in the U.S.
Source:WileyJournal reference:Ris, D. et al. (2019) Neuropsychological and socioeconomic outcomes in adult survivors of pediatric low‐grade glioma. Cancer. doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32186. Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 24 2019Survivors of childhood brain tumors who received radiotherapy and were very young at the time of diagnosis may experience cognitive and socioeconomic burdens decades after treatment, according to a study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. Interventions such as cognitive therapies and educational and occupational services may be needed to mitigate such long-term effects.Therapies for children diagnosed with brain tumors have prolonged the lives of many patients, but survivors may experience a variety of effects from their disease and its treatment. To assess such burdens, M. Douglas Ris, PhD, of Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital, and his colleagues at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, compared 181 survivors of pediatric low-grade glioma with 105 siblings of cancer survivors who were participating in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. The survivors and siblings all completed a comprehensive battery of standardized cognitive tests and socioeconomic assessments performed at 16 major medical centers in the United States and Canada.Related StoriesWearing a hearing aid may mitigate dementia riskAn active brain and body associated with reduced risk of dementiaRush University Medical Center offers new FDA-approved treatment for brain aneurysmsSurvivors were a median age of 8 years at the time of diagnosis and they were a median age of 40 years at the time of assessment. Overall, survivors treated with surgery plus radiotherapy at the site of the tumor had lower estimated IQ scores than survivors treated with surgery only, who had lower scores than siblings. Survivors diagnosed at younger ages had low scores on most of the cognitive measures. Survivors—especially those treated with surgery plus radiotherapy—were less educated, earned lower incomes, and had lower prestige occupations than siblings. Late effects in adulthood are evident even for children with the least malignant types of brain tumors who were treated with the least toxic therapies available at the time. Also, these neurocognitive and socioeconomic risks are evident many decades after treatment. As pediatric brain tumors become more survivable with continued advances in treatments, we need to improve surveillance of these populations so that survivors continue to receive the best interventions during their transition to adulthood and well beyond.”Dr. Douglas Ris, Baylor College of Medicine
Our findings show that increased levels of stress and altered metabolism of an individual’s immune cells are factors that make one prone to developing symptoms during an infection. Correspondingly, this tells us that immune cells and metabolic pathways could be useful targets to develop treatments for yellow fever or other flaviviral infections.”Associate Professor Jenny Low, Senior Consultant at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital and Co-Director of ViREMiCS Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Jul 16 2019A team of researchers from the SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medicine Centre’s Viral Research and Experimental Medicine Centre (ViREMiCS) found that immune cells undergoing stress and an altered metabolism are the reasons why some individuals become sick from viral infections while others do not, when exposed to the same virus.The findings, published in top medical journal Nature Medicine, have important implications for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases caused by flaviviral infections such as dengue fever, congenital Zika syndrome and yellow fever. Flaviviral infections, a family of virus infections transmitted by mosquitoes and ticks, are major health concerns as they spread rapidly and lack licensed treatments.Most viral infections result in a range of outcomes even when individuals are infected with the same amount of virus in their blood. For example, up to two-thirds of all dengue virus infections result in no symptoms, while the remaining one-third go on to develop dengue fever and even fewer progress to severe dengue. Understanding why this happens could lead to new ways of preventing disease and reduce the burden of some viral diseases.”We investigated why some individuals do not get sick despite being infected with the same virus, while others develop symptoms and infections. Understanding the molecular events that lead to development of symptoms could lead to new prevention and treatment methods for infectious diseases worldwide,” said Professor Ooi Eng Eong, Deputy Director of the Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) Programme, Duke-NUS Medical School and Professor, SingHealth Duke-NUS Global Health Institute. Prof Ooi is also Co-director of ViREMiCS, Professor at the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health and the Department of Microbiology & Immunology, National University of Singapore and the corresponding author of this study.Related StoriesDon’t Miss the Blood-Brain Barrier Drug Delivery (B3DD) Summit this AugustStudy explores the effects of near-miss experiences associated with 9/11 terrorist attacksIt is okay for women with lupus to get pregnant with proper care, says new studyThe team conducted two clinical trials involving more than 100 healthy adults using the yellow fever vaccine, one of the most effective vaccines in the world with an excellent safety profile. The team analysed the blood profiles of the volunteers immediately before and after vaccination, and found that individuals whose blood cells had increased levels of stress from protein production and altered metabolism before vaccination went on to develop flu-like symptoms after vaccination. Increased stress and altered metabolism resulted in earlier than expected activation of the immune response that was linked with development of symptoms. Dr Low is also Associate Professor at Duke-NUS’ EID Programme and co-corresponding author of this study.These findings also imply that preventing conditions known to place cells under increased stress and altered metabolism, such as obesity, could prevent disease from viral infections.The team is currently starting another clinical trial in 2020 to test if suppressing the early immune response can reduce the likelihood of getting sick from a viral infection. Source:Duke-NUS Medical SchoolJournal reference:Chan, K.R. et al. (2019) Metabolic perturbations and cellular stress underpin susceptibility to symptomatic live-attenuated yellow fever infection. Nature Medicine. doi.org/10.1038/s41591-019-0510-7.
Gotcha! US Air Force’s Secretive X-37B Space Plane Spotted by Satellite Tracker Secretive Space Plane: Meet the X-37B | VideoThe unmanned X-37B space plane built by Boeing’s Phantom Works division is undergoing orbital flight tests for the U.S. Air Force.Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Fomalhaut Stars Huge Ring of Dusty Debris Captured by ALMA | Video00:54 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65884-x-37b-space-plane-skywatcher-photo.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0002:4502:45Your Recommended Playlist00:54Fomalhaut Stars Huge Ring of Dusty Debris Captured by ALMA | Video00:43OTD in Space – July 16: Apollo 11 Launches to the Moon13:13Apollo 11 Astronaut Michael Collins Talks Launch on 50th Anniversary05:46Constellations and Planets In March 2017 Skywatching – Where to Look | Video02:22Skywatching Planets and the Harvest Moon In September 2014 | Video02:52Planets and the Moon in June 2019 Skywatching关闭 Gallery: Declassified US Spy Satellite Photos & Designs Skywatcher and satellite tracker Ralf Vandebergh of the Netherlands recently caught a rare glimpse of the U.S. Air Force’s secretive X-37B space plane. Vandebergh said he’d been hunting for the robotic spacecraft for months and finally managed to track it down in May. But it took a bit longer to get photos of the vehicle. “When I tried to observe it again [in] mid-June, it didn’t meet the predicted time and path,” Vandebergh explained. “It turned out to have maneuvered to another orbit. Thanks to the amateur satellite observers’ network, it was rapidly found in orbit again, and I was able to take some images on June 30 and July 2.”Advertisement The X-37B’s recent passes were almost overhead, Vandebergh added. Related: The X-37B Space Plane: 6 Surprising Facts Beyond expectations The X-37B, also known as the Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV), looks like a miniature version of NASA’s retired space shuttle. “It is really a small object, even at only 300 kilometers [186 miles] altitude, so don’t expect the detail level of ground-based images of the real space shuttle,” Vandebergh said. Taking this into consideration, the newly captured imagery far exceeded Vandebergh’s expectations. “We can recognize a bit of the nose, payload bay and tail of this mini-shuttle, with even a sign of some smaller detail,” he said. Vandebergh captured the photos using a 10-inch F/4,8 aperture Newtonian telescope with an Astrolumina ALccd 5L-11 mono CMOS camera. Tracking was fully manual through a 6×30 finderscope, he said. Classified duties The X-37B has winged past 666 days of flight on this latest mission, which is called OTV-5 because it’s the fifth flight for the program. OTV-5 began on Sept. 7, 2017, with a launch atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 booster from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. X-37B missions are carried out under the auspices of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, and mission control for OTV flights is handled by the 3rd Space Experimentation Squadron at Schriever Air Force Base in Colorado. This squadron oversees operations of the X-37B and is tagged as the Air Force Space Command’s premier organization for space-based demonstrations, pathfinders and experiment testing, gathering information on objects high above Earth and carrying out other intelligence-gathering duties. And that may be a signal as to what the robotic craft is doing — both looking down at Earth and upward. Related: US Air Force’s Secretive X-37B Space Plane (Infographic) Flight-duration record Each X-37B mission has set a new flight-duration record for the program: Most X-37B payloads are classified, and the Air Force releases few details about the spacecraft’s orbit and activities. The only OTV-5 payload that Air Force officials have revealed is the Advanced Structurally Embedded Thermal Spreader, or ASETS-II. Developed by the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), this cargo is testing experimental electronics and oscillating heat pipes for long-duration stints in the space environment. According to AFRL, the payload’s three primary science objectives are to measure initial on-orbit thermal performance, to measure long duration thermal performance, and to assess any lifetime degradation. Tarmac touchdown Exactly when OTV-5 will end is unknown. The last X-37B mission touched down at KSC’s Shuttle Landing Facility — a first for the program. All prior missions had ended with a tarmac touchdown at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Several website postings say that the sixth mission, OTV-6, is planned for this year on a United Launch Alliance Atlas-5(501) rocket. Launch would be from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station’s Space Launch Complex-41. Reusable vehicles The classified X-37B program “fleet” consists of two known reusable vehicles, both of which were built by Boeing. The X-37B vehicles were built at several Boeing locations in Southern California, including Huntington Beach, Seal Beach and El Segundo. The program transitioned to the U.S. Air Force in 2004 after earlier funded research efforts by Boeing, NASA and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The military space plane is 29 feet (8.8 meters) long and 9.6 feet (2.9 m) tall, with a wingspan of nearly 15 feet (4.6 m). The X-37B’s payload bay, which measures 7 feet (2.1 m) by 4 feet (1.2 m), can be outfitted with a robotic arm. The spacecraft has a launch weight of 11,000 lbs. (4,990 kilograms) and is powered on orbit by gallium-arsenide solar cells with lithium-ion batteries. Prior to OTV-5’s launch, Randy Walden, the director of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, said there were many firsts on this mission, making it a milestone for the program. “It is our goal to continue advancing the X-37B OTV so it can more fully support the growing space community,” he said at the time. The Air Force also noted that OTV-5 was launched into, and will be landed from, a higher-inclination orbit than prior missions to further expand the X-37B’s orbital envelope. Leonard David is author of the recently released book, “Moon Rush: The New Space Race” published by National Geographic in May 2019. A longtime writer for Space.com, David has been reporting on the space industry for more than five decades. 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