The Republic of Croatia achieved its first registered and protected designation from the quality system of agricultural and food products on 14 April 2015, when the name “Krk prosciutto” was registered and protected at the level of the European Union with a geographical indication. In order to permanently mark this date, the Croatian Parliament, at the proposal of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, and at the initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture, decided to April 14 is declared the Day of Protected Croatian Indigenous Products.Manufacturers of protected Croatian indigenous products will mark their day with an exhibition and promotion of products at 1. Day of protected Croatian autochthonous products on Wednesday, April 13, 2015 at Trg sv. Mark (south side of St. Mark’s Church) starting at 9:00 p.m.This is a great opportunity for all hotels, hostels, hosts in family accommodation and all others to guide their guests to this great tourist story so that guests can taste our protected indigenous products, which is one of the meaning of tourism – learning about new culture, gastronomy, history , customs and culture.The aim of the event is to give recognition to producers for their efforts in protecting product names and raising public awareness of the need to protect the names of Croatian indigenous products, as well as strengthening the tourist offer and sustainable development of rural areas.Since July 2013, when the Republic of Croatia became a full member, ten product names under one of the geographical indications (designation of origin or geographical indication) have been registered and protected at the level of the European Union:”Krk prosciutto” – a protected designation of geographical origin,”Neretva mandarin” – protected designation of origin,”Extra virgin olive oil Cres” – protected designation of origin,”Ogulin sauerkraut” / “Ogulin sauerkraut” – protected designation of origin,”Baranjski kulen” – a protected geographical indication “”Lika potatoes” – a protected geographical indication,”Istrian prosciutto” / “Istrian prosciutto” – protected designation of origin,”Drniš prosciutto” – a protected geographical indication,”Dalmatian prosciutto” – a protected geographical indication and”Poljički soparnik” / “Poljički zeljanik” / “Poljički uljenjak” – a protected geographical indication.Eight more products are in the process of registering their names at the European Union level:”Varaždinsko zelje” – protected designation of origin,”Slavonian kulen” / “Slavonian kulin” – a protected geographical indication,”Zagorje turkey” – a protected geographical indication,”Krk olive oil” – protected designation of origin,”Istrian extra virgin olive oil” – protected designation of origin,”Pag lamb” – protected designation of origin,”Solta olive oil” – a protected designation of origin and”Korcula olive oil” – a protected designation of origin.Four products are in the process of protection at the national level:Slavonian honeyPag saltMeđimurje meat ‘from TiblicaLika lambAlso, documentation for the protection of the name of ten new products is being prepared: Cres lamb, Black Slavonian pig meat, Mali Ston oyster, Dalmatian pancetta, Dalmatian pechenitsa, Slavonian sausage, Goranski medun, Istrian honey, Zagorje mills, Brački varenik and Lika lamb.
The first planes should land on the extended runway by the end of this summer Brac Airport, in which hoteliers from Brač will invest through the airport recapitalization process, announced for Poslovni dnevnik Jako Andabak, President of the Management Board of Bluesun Hotels and the Supervisory Board of Hoteli Zlatni Rat, one of the largest individual co-owners of the airport.”Our goal is to extend the runway so that larger aircraft such as Airbus 319 and 320 can land on Brač, and with that goal we are going to recapitalize”, Confirmed Jako Andabak. A session of the Supervisory Board of Hotel Zlatni rat has been announced in ten days, at which the Management Board will approve the increase of the share capital of Brac Airport, by converting the receivables of Hotel Zlatni rat dd into a deposit and entering things (land) in accordance with the runway extension project. The runway should be extended by 1900 meters, in which it is necessary to invest around one million euros.In addition to Andabak, other hoteliers should be included in the recapitalization, including Svpetrus Hotels, which are also listed as the company’s founders. As there are no significant property barriers, the runway can be extended this year, so that the first planes can land on Brač at the end of summer or in autumn. This will bring the Airport business sustainability, which is not feasible with the current state of traffic (last year about 14 thousand passengers), and Brac better connection with Zagreb and European destinations, either through charters or low-budget carriers.Source: Business diary
Did you know that Croatia has hundreds of interesting museums?And do you know where they all are, what they expose, when they work and a lot of other information? All this information and much more is offered to tourists and all those interested by the new Cro Museums application. With it, you will discover the cultural richness of museums in Croatia.Cro Museum presents more than 100 Croatian museums, with all the necessary information to find the closest and most interesting and thus experience more of the Croatian sun and sea. The application is intended for domestic and foreign tourists because it is available in Croatian, English and German.”I believe that our museum heritage is so valuable that it deserves to be easily accessible to tourists and that they enrich their vacation in Croatia through the experience of culture.. ”Points out Jelena Bračun, author of the Cro Museums applicationThis new app is a continuation of the successful Cro Museums app that was released in 2012, and has had many satisfied users. Now the company Mašinerija together with the author Jelena Bračun has made a new version of the application. They made this version completely independently, without any help or subsidies from the state, ministries or tourist boards.You can download the Cro Museums application for free at AppStore
Share on Twitter Share Hiding emotions from one’s spouse is related to worsening marital satisfaction over time, especially when husbands hide their emotions from their wives, according to a study published in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.It is no secret that some people are very open with their emotions, while others tend to suppress their true feelings. People often engage in emotional suppression for reasons meant to improve their relationships, such as to avoid hurting others by expressing their negative feelings.However, research generally indicates that people who routinely suppress their emotions tend to have trouble forming strong social relationships. Close relationships, such as those with close friends, family, and romantic partners, may suffer the most from emotional suppression, because sharing emotions is an important part of building trust and rapport between relationship partners. Email LinkedIn Pinterest Share on Facebook A team of researchers led by Patrizia Velotti, of the University of Genoa, conducted a study to examine the impact of emotional suppression in one of the most intimate interpersonal relationships, marriage. A sample of 229 recently married heterosexual Italian couples were recruited for the study. Both husbands’ and wives’ levels of emotional suppression and marital satisfaction were assessed at two time points, first at five months after marriage and then at two years after marriage.The researchers used statistical modeling techniques to examine mutual influences of each individual’s levels of emotional suppression on their partner’s satisfaction, as well as on their own satisfaction.Results indicated that emotional suppression was detrimental for one’s own marital satisfaction among both husbands and wives. Interestingly, husbands’ levels of emotional suppression were also directly related to lower levels of marital satisfaction for their wives, but wives’ emotional suppression was not significantly related to their husbands’ marital satisfaction.Deeper analysis showed that emotional suppression displayed by either spouse tended to make both spouses more likely to be avoidant of attachment, with an additional negative impact on marital satisfaction. In contrast to emotional suppression, husbands’ levels of satisfaction were particularly strongly impacted by their wives’ avoidance.The study authors conclude that emotional suppression within married couples likely creates a feedback loop, wherein hiding one’s emotions brings out an avoidant response from one’s spouse, leading to even greater emotional suppression. The major effect of this set of relationships is lower marital satisfaction for both partners. Based on these results, couples seeking to lay the foundations for a happy marriage may want to strive to be more open with their emotions.
Share on Twitter LinkedIn Email New research published in the journal Evolutionary Psychology suggests that a woman’s waist-to-stature ratio is a better predictor of her physical attractiveness than her waist-to-hip ratio.Previous studies have found that women with a waist-to-hip ratio of .60 to .70 are more consistently rated as highly attractive by men. But the new study assessed the physical attractiveness of 106 college women, 673 Playboy Playmates of the Month and 490 images of imaginary women — and concluded that waist size was the key determinant of female bodily attractiveness.PsyPost interviewed the study’s corresponding author, William D. Lassek of the University of Pittsburgh. Read his answers below: Share Share on Facebook Pinterest Why were you interested in this topic?Since the only thing that evolution cares about is success in having offspring that reproduce, the brains of men should be wired to promote their having more children. This means that the qualities that find attractive in women women should help them have more and better children. Among those qualities are the low waist-hip ratios that give women their hourglass figures, although these only seem to be attractive in relatively slender women. There have been many studies showing that lower waist-hip ratios in women are more attractive but none have used images of imaginary women, such as those found in comics, graphic novels, animated films, and video games.What should the average person take away from your study?We found that the waist size in relation to a woman’s height is the major factor that determines her bodily attractiveness and that this is more important than her waist-hip ratio or weight. More importantly, we found that imaginary women have impossibly small waist sizes but moderate sized hips, giving them impossibly small ratios. Jessica Rabbit, the most popular imaginary woman, has a waist size of just 10 inches and a waist-hip ratio of 0.39 compared with 0.74 in a typical young woman. This suggests that the widely held belief that the features that make women attractive indicate better health and fertility may be wrong. Are there any major caveats? What questions still need to be addressed?We believe that there must be some reason other than better health or fertility that attracts men to women with tiny waists. Research into women’s attractiveness should consider the role of waist size separately from waist-hip ratio.The study, “What Makes Jessica Rabbit Sexy? Contrasting Roles of Waist and Hip Size,” was co-authored by Steven J. C. Gaulin.
The next generation of toys could be controlled by the power of the mind, thanks to research by the University of Warwick.Led by Professor Christopher James, Director of Warwick Engineering in Biomedicine at the School of Engineering, technology has been developed which allows electronic devices to be activated using electrical impulses from brain waves, by connecting our thoughts to computerised systems.Some of the most popular toys on children’s lists to Santa – such as remote-controlled cars and helicopters, toy robots and Scalextric racing sets – could all be controlled via a headset, using ‘the power of thought’. LinkedIn Share on Twitter Pinterest Share on Facebook This could be based on levels of concentration – thinking of your favourite colour or stroking your dog, for example.Instead of a hand-held controller, a headset is used to create a brain-computer interface – a communication link between the human brain and the computerised device. Sensors in the headset measure the electrical impulses from brain at various different frequencies – each frequency can be somewhat controlled, under special circumstances.This activity is then processed by a computer, amplified and fed into the electrical circuit of the electronic toy.Professor James comments on the future potential for this technology:“Whilst brain-computer interfaces already exist – there are already a few gaming headsets on the market – their functionality has been quite limited. New research is making the headsets now read cleaner and stronger signals than ever before – this means stronger links to the toy, game or action thus making it a very immersive experience.“The exciting bit is what comes next -how long before we start unlocking the front door or answering the phone through brain-computer interfaces?” Share Email
Pinterest Share LinkedIn In this study, 332 participants completed different surveys for five weeks in a row, and were encouraged to consider the previous week in their responses. Researchers utilized the most widely used scales for both stress (10-item Perceived Stress Scale) and pessimism (items taken from the Life Orientation Test-Revised). This research is the first to show that stress and pessimism are linked. Interestingly, researchers noticed decreases in levels of perceived stress as well as pessimism. This may be due to the unexpected benefits of participating the study, such as the possibility that expressing stress levels may be cathartic. The changes in pessimism in five weeks are supported by previous research showing that personality changes can occur in such a short timeframe.It is essential to note certain limitations of the current study. The study was based on participants reporting their perceived stress and pessimism, which could lead to intentional or unintentional dishonesty from participants. Stress may also influence other personality traits, like conscientiousness and extraversion, which may in turn affect pessimism. Additionally, personal growth after a traumatic event may influence the development of positive personality traits, not just negative ones like pessimism. The last limitation the study addresses is the temporal relationship between stress and pessimism. As always, correlation does not imply causation; being pessimistic does not necessarily mean that a person perceives more stress, and more stress does not make a person more pessimistic according to the research presented in this study.This study is the first to show the link between perceived stress and pessimism, but further research is necessary to determine the chronological ordering of these effects, as well as how stress affects other personality traits. Finally, it is imperative that these research efforts are able to make meaningful and relevant statements about human health. With an ever-increasing need for effective mental health treatment, future research should address the relevance of these stress-personality dynamics for human health. Share on Facebook Email Share on Twitter Long term stress is linked to pessimistic personality traits, according to a study published in the Journal of Research in Personality.Studies over the past few decades have found that a person’s personality can change across a person’s life. The current study examined the relationship between stress and personality changes. Stressors are understood to be circumstances or situations that are considered intimidating or taxing, or exceed a person’s ability to cope. When a person is exposed to a stressor, a person will display a stress response; this study focused on long term stress, rather than short term stress (think fight-or-flight). Long term stress involves the sympathetic nervous system, the innate immune system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (also known as the HPA),. The intensity of the response to stress is dependent upon how a person perceives the stressor; if the stressor is seen as highly threatening, then the response will be strong, and vice versa.Stress has been connected to the development of anxiety disorders and depression, which in turn can encourage personality changes. Major life events can also prompt changes in personality. Therefore, it is also possible that more long term stress would be able to induce a personality change, for this study, specifically pessimism.
Share on Twitter Share In the United States, estimates show that a substantial number of children under age 5 live in households that are food insecure. That means that they do not have food, or they lack sufficient quantity or quality of food to fuel a healthy and active lifestyle. A new study has found that children who experience food insecurity in early childhood are more likely to start kindergarten less ready to learn than their peers from homes that are food secure.The findings come from researchers at Georgetown University and the University of Virginia. They are published in the journal Child Development.“Timing of food insecurity matters,” notes Anna Johnson, assistant professor of psychology at Georgetown University, who led the research. “In our study, food insecurity in infancy and toddlerhood predicted lower cognitive and social-emotional skills in kindergarten, skills that can predict later success in academics and life.” Food insecurity during the preschool years was less consistently related to performance in kindergarten, Johnston adds, but when it was, associations were also negative. Email LinkedIn Share on Facebook Pinterest In addition to finding that the timing of food insecurity matters, the study found that the number of times (or episodes) a child experienced food insecurity also makes a difference. Researchers considered three episodes–one when children were 9 months old, one when they were about 2 years old, and one when children were about 4 years old. “Having more episodes of food insecurity in early childhood–that is, having three episodes of food insecurity versus one or two–was linked with poorer outcomes in kindergarten across all areas of development,” explains Johnson.The study looked at how food insecurity across the first five years of life affects cognitive and social-emotional skills and behaviors as children start kindergarten. It used nationally representative data (from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort), focusing on the 3,700 low-income households in the sample for whom there were data on food insecurity, as well as children’s outcomes. Researchers investigated ties between the timing and intensity of food insecurity in early childhood and children’s reading, math, and social-emotional scores in kindergarten. They interviewed parents and assessed children when they were 9 months old, and again when they were 2, 4, and 5 years old, looking at the children’s reading and math skills when they started kindergarten, as well as their levels of hyperactivity, conduct problems, and approaches to learning.This study addresses a gap in understanding associations between food insecurity in early childhood and skills at kindergarten entry. The authors caution that the estimates are noncausal, that is, they cannot rule out the possibility that an unobserved factor caused both increased food insecurity and decreased kindergarten skills, for instance.“Nevertheless, these findings are worrisome,” suggests Anna Markowitz, postdoctoral research associate in the Curry School of Education at the University of Virginia, the study’s coauthor. “Increasing the generosity of food assistance programs and ensuring that they reach children whose families are food insecure or at risk for food insecurity in the earliest years–when children are 2 or younger–could boost the early school success of these vulnerable children.”
Feb 8, 2011 (CIDRAP News) – Researchers estimate that more than 5.6 million dengue virus infections occur in the Americas annually, costing an average of $2.1 billion, according to a study published yesterday in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.The authors say theirs is the first effort to estimate the economic impact of dengue in the Americas, where the mosquito-borne virus has resurged since the 1970s. The researchers are from Brandeis University and Sanofi Pasteur, which is currently testing a dengue vaccine.The authors assessed the impact of dengue cases for the period of 2000 through 2007. They looked at the numbers of reported cases and then estimated the rate of underreporting for each country on the basis of published field studies. To estimate the costs, they searched the literature for relevant articles published through December 2009.They came up with an estimate of 5,607,836 dengue fever cases per year in the Americas. By region or country, Brazil leads the list with about 2.17 million cases per year, followed by the Andean subregion with 1.6 million, Central America and Mexico with 1.2 million, the Caribbean with 448,000, the “southern cone” (Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay) with 137,000, and North America with 1,692.The authors estimated the overall number of dengue hemorrhagic fever cases, the more serious form of the disease, at 33,628 per year and deaths at 453 per year.The median cost per ambulatory case was estimated at $472 and the median cost per hospital case at $1,227, with both figures varying widely by country. About 41% of the cost burden was borne by Brazil. The shares of other regions included about 25% for the Andean region, 17.7% for Central American and Mexico, 15% for the Caribbean, 1.2% for the southern cone, and less than 0.3% for North America.”The economic cost of dengue is substantial in many American countries, with a cost per capita greater than US $2 in four of the six American subregions considered (Andean region, Brazil, the Caribbean, and Central America and Mexico),” the report states.About 60% of the estimated costs are indirect costs, including lost productivity and government spending, rather than direct medical costs, according to the report.The researchers also estimated that a median of 72,277 disability-adjusted life years are lost to dengue in the entire region each year. They suggest that, in terms of economic attractiveness, vaccination for dengue may be as good as or better than vaccination for rotavirus or human papillomavirus.A Brandeis University press release notes that dengue research at the university is supported by Sanofi Pasteur. The company is furthest along of the firms developing a dengue vaccine, with plans to launch a phase 3 clinical trial this year, the release says.The report says the total global burden of dengue is estimated at 36 million symptomatic cases per year.Shepard DS, Coudeville L, Halasa YA, et al. Economic impact of dengue illness in the Americas. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2011 Feb;84(2):200-7 [Abstract] [Full text]See also:Feb 7 Brandeis University press release
May 12, 2011Indonesia reports H5N1 deathIndonesia’s health ministry recently announced that an 8-year-old girl from West Jakarta died of H5N1 avian influenza, according to a translation published today by Bird Flu Information Corner, a Web message board operated by Kobe University in Japan and Airlangga University in Indonesia. The girl started having symptoms on Apr 1 and was taken to an avian flu referral hospital in Jakarta on Apr 8 where she died the same day. The report did now say if the girl had been exposed to sick or dead birds. If the World Health Organization confirms her illness, her case will be listed as Indonesia’s 177th and its 145th death from the disease.Good news, bad news on drive to eliminate polioLast year brought good progress in the effort to eliminate polio, but three countries have seen increases in cases this year, and the goal of eliminating the disease by the end of 2012 is in doubt, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said today. A total of 1,291 wild poliovirus (WPV) cases were reported worldwide in 2010, 19% lower than in 2009, the CDC said in a summary of an article in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Cases dropped 94% in India and Nigeria, and the number of WPV type 3 cases was the lowest ever. But in the first 3 months of this year, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Pakistan had substantially more cases than in the same period in 2010. “Although successful interruption of WPV transmission in India in 2011 is in sight and possible in Nigeria, the goal set in 2009 of interrupting all WPV transmission globally by the end of 2012 is in jeopardy based on current trends,” the CDC said.May 13 MMWR articleIn other developments, Myanmar is launching a polio vaccination drive targeting 2.9 million children, with help from the United Nations, according to a Xinhua report today. Vaccinators hope to reach every child under age 5 in 126 townships in nine regions and states on May 14 and 15 and June 11 and 12. The United Nations Children Fund and the World Health Organization are helping with the campaign, the story said. Myanmar was free of polio from December 2007 until November 2010. A total of 414 acute flaccid paralysis cases were reported in the country in 2010, according to the report.May 12 Xinhua reportDengue, chikungunya cases rising among British travelersCases of dengue fever in British travelers more than doubled from 2009 to 2010, while chikungunya cases increased 34%, the UK Health Protection Agency (HPA) reported yesterday. The dengue case count increased from 166 to 406, while chikungunya cases rose from 59 to 79, the HPA said. The two tropical diseases are both spread by mosquitoes but not from person to person, and there is no vaccine or specific treatment for either. Dr. Jane Jones, head of the HPA’s travel and migrant health section, commented that the mosquitoes that spread both diseases bite in the daytime, unlike those that spread malaria. The HPA said its case numbers are based mainly on lab tests requested by referring clinicians. Since there is no active surveillance for the two diseases, the actual case numbers may be higher, the agency said.May 11 HPA statement