11 May 2011Libyan authorities must stop attacking civilians during their conflict with opposition groups, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has told the country’s Prime Minister, calling for an immediate and verifiable ceasefire so that humanitarian workers can reach people in need. Speaking by telephone last night with Al Baghdadi Ali Al-Mahmoudi, Mr. Ban told the Libyan official that there must be negotiations towards a peaceful resolution of the conflict that erupted in February after protests emerged against the long-standing regime of Muammar al-Qadhafi.“The Prime Minister agreed to receive my Special Envoy, Mr. [Abdul Elah] al-Khatib, and I have instructed him to travel to Tripoli as soon as possible,” Mr. Ban told a press conference in Geneva today.He said he was particularly concerned by reports of people fleeing the fighting in Libya losing their lives at sea.“I ask patrol vessels in the Mediterranean not to wait for distress signals to offer help. Any boat leaving Libya should be considered a boat in need of assistance and protection.”Mr. Ban’s comments echo those of other senior UN officials who have voiced concern about the fighting in the North African nation and the lives lost at sea, and urged the setting up of a ceasefire.He noted that Mr. Al-Mahmoudi told him that the Libyan Government was willing to agree to an immediate ceasefire, along with a monitoring team to be established jointly by the UN and the African Union.“But first and foremost, there should be an end of fighting in Misrata and elsewhere,” the Secretary-General said, referring to the besieged city that has experienced some of the most intense fighting of the conflict.“Then we will continue. We will be able to provide humanitarian assistance and in parallel we can continue our political dialogue with the regime there. My Special Envoy has visited six times and he is going to be there again. I am doing my best efforts in close coordination with the African Union and other coalition forces.”
“The humanitarian community also demands that the parties facilitate safe, unimpeded and sustained humanitarian access to people in need as well as the voluntary movement of civilians to reach humanitarian assistance,” he stressed.He urged the international community to exercise its influence over the parties to bring about an early and peaceful solution that puts the Yemeni people at the centre – “something all Yemenis deserve.”Meanwhile, earlier today in Geneva, a spokesperson for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ravina Shamdasani, updated the press on the steadily mounting number of civilian casualties in Yemen over the past few weeks.“Despite the cessation of hostilities, between 11 April and 11 August 2016, we have documented 815 civilian casualties, including 272 deaths and 543 injured. Of these, in just the past week, since 5 August, 49 civilians were killed and another 77 injured,” she said.Some of the deadliest incidents took place on 5 July, 7 August and 9 August. “On 5 July, eight children were killed and seven injured due to a rocket that landed in the Al Zira’ah Neighbourhood in Marib City. The rocket was allegedly fired from an area controlled by the Popular Committees affiliated with Al Houthis,” Ms. Shamdasani explained. UN Human Rights Office Spokesperson Ravina Shandasani briefs the media about the sharply increasing number of civilian casualties in Yemen. Credit: UN News CentreShe went on to say that on 7 August, 16 civilians were killed, including seven children when airstrikes hit two civilian houses in Al Madid village in the Nihm district of Sana’a. Another 24 civilians, including 13 children, were injured and four other houses were partially destroyed.“The village,” she pointed out “is located some 30 kilometres away from an area of alleged armed confrontations.”On 9 August, the spokesperson stated: “An airstrike hit Al Khafifa food factory in the Al Nahdhah district of Sana’a, killing 10 civilians, including three women who worked in the factory. Another 13 factory workers were injured, with some having spent hours under the rubble before the rescuers managed to pull them out. The factory stands adjacent to a military camp.”On 5 August, a journalist was reportedly struck by two shells launched by the Popular Committees affiliated with Al Houthis.“The total number of civilian casualties between March 2015 and 11 August 2016 stands at 10,270, including 3,704 killed and 6,566 injured,” she concluded.At the same time, the UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, strongly condemned the increasing violations to the cessation of hostilities, calling the breaches “unacceptable and not conducive to the peace process.”He urged the parties to speed up their efforts to find a comprehensive, political solution to the conflict.“We remain fully committed to bringing peace to Yemen, but the process requires good faith and concessions from all sides,” said the Special Envoy. “The cessation of hostilities is ongoing, yet each violation negatively affects the Yemeni population,” he said calling on all parties “to show restraint and refrain from any action which undermines efforts to bringing about a peaceful, political solution to the conflict.” Houses destroyed by airstrikes in Yemen’s capital, Sana’a, July 2015. Credit: OCHA/ Charlotte Cans “The people of Yemen continue to bear the brunt of the suffering as a result of the inability of the parties to find a political solution to a conflict that has been raging for more than a year and a half. The return to full-scale hostilities only drives humanitarian needs further,” said Jamie McGoldrick, the UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen, in a statement, adding: “A political solution is the only solution to this crisis.”According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), local media has reported that ground fighting and air strikes have killed and maimed children and women, and destroyed homes and markets, particularly in the capital, Sana’a, and its governorates, Sa’ada, Taizz, and Al Hudaydah.Mr. McGoldrick pointed out that the depletion of foreign currency reserves in the Central Bank has made it difficult for importers to obtain lines of credit – “making it nearly impossible for Government entities to maintain basic social services.”By example, the Humanitarian Coordinator noted that 40,000 cancer patients throughout the country would no longer receive the medication they required because of banking restrictions that impeded their import.“Humanitarians have been called on, once again, to fill the gap in the provision of basic social services, increasing the need for greater resources from the international community,” he stressed.Mr. McGoldrick called on all parties to the conflict to abide by their obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law and take all necessary actions to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure in their conduct of hostilities.